Sexing Firemouth Cichlids:
Males have a pointed dorsal and anal fin. Also during mating the red is more intense.
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Breeding Firemouth Cichlids:
Use a 40 gallon or bigger tank to breed firemouth cichlids, I recommend keeping the pair in a tank by themselves. This way they don't become overly protective, or beat other fish up. Use frozen meaty and veggie foods to get them into mating mode. Also if their having problems do 25% water changes every other day. Flat slate rock or clay pots work best for a breeding platform.
Raising Firemouth Cichlid Fry:
Firemouth Cichlids are Mouthbrooders meaning they breed and keep the eggs in their mouth. This method is more effective in proving shelter for fry, this makes for a higher survival rate. The parents will spit the babies out to feed after the mother leaves them out when they get to big separate them from parents.
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Water changes are important for healthy big fry. Doing 50% every other day is great as well as feeding 2-3 times a day frozen or live foods.